| Fire is one of the most common disasters and causes more deaths than
any other type of disaster. But fire does not have to be deadly if
you take precautions and have an escape plan. Please be serious about
the responsibility of planning for and practicing what to do in case of
a fire. Get together with household members to discuss and finalize
a personalized Fire Plan. Practice your plan frequently. Here
are some guidelines you can use in preparing your emergency plan..
|Make your home fire safe
- Smoke alarms save lives. Install smoke alarms outside each
sleeping area and on each additional level of your residence. If people
sleep with doors closed, install smoke alarms inside sleeping areas. Keep
new batteries on hand.
- Use the test button to check each smoke detector once a month. When
necessary, replace batteries immediately. Replace batteries at least
once a year. Smoke alarms become less sensitive overtime, so replace your
smoke alarm every 10 years.
- Consider having one or more working fire extinguishers in your home.
- Use the gauge or test button to check proper pressure. If the unit
is low on pressure, damaged, or corroded, replace it or have it professionally
serviced. Get training from the fire department on how to use the
- Keep blankets, clothing, curtains, furniture and anything that could get
hot and catch fire away from portable heaters.
- Plug heaters directly into the wall socket and unplug them when they are
not in use.
- Keep items away from the stove that could catch fire.
- Avoid overloading electrical outlets and running cords under carpet and
Plan your escape routes
- Draw a floor plan of your home. Determine at least 2 ways to
escape from every room of your home
- If you must use an escape ladder, be sure everyone knows how to use it.
- Have a plan to escape if bars cover windows.
Select a location outside your home where everyone would meet after escaping.
Practice your escape plan at least twice a year.
- Once you are out, stay out!
- Know how to call for emergency assistance.
If you see smoke in your first escape route, use your second way out.
If you must exit through smoke, crawl low under the smoke to escape.
If you are escaping through a closed door, feel the door before opening
it. If it is hot, use your second way out.
If smoke, heat or flames block your exit routes, stay in the room with
the door closed. Signal for help using a bright colored cloth at
the window. If there is a telephone in the room, call the fire department
and tell them where you are.
Remember - Once you are out, stay out!
You can help protect yourself and your family from the dangers of fire
by planning NOW for an emergency. Be smart - be safe.